World Online Education - World Portal : International Online Education Portal
Worldwide Online Education
International Online Education Portal
Learn About the World's Online Business, Education, Economy, Politics, Culture, Religion, Media and More









San Marino
Online Business Education. Economy. Politics. Culture. Religion. Media

Capital City: San Marino

Internet Links

Welcome to San Marino

Brief Guide of the Republic of San Marino


San Marino

Background:  The third smallest state in Europe (after the Holy See
and Monaco) also claims to be the world's oldest republic. According to
tradition, it was founded by a Christian stonemason named Marinus in 301
A.D. San Marino's foreign policy is aligned with that of Italy. Social
and political trends in the republic also track closely with those of
its larger neighbor.

Geography San Marino

Location:  Southern Europe, an enclave in central Italy

Geographic coordinates:  43 46 N, 12 25 E

Map references:  Europe

Area:  total: 61.2 sq km water: 0 sq km land: 61.2 sq km

Area - comparative:  about 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries:  total: 39 km border countries: Italy 39 km

Coastline:  0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims:  none (landlocked)

Climate:  Mediterranean; mild to cool winters; warm, sunny summers

Terrain:  rugged mountains

Elevation extremes:  lowest point: Torrente Ausa 55 m highest point:
Monte Titano 755 m

Natural resources:  building stone

Land use:  arable land: 17% permanent crops: 0% other: 83% (1998 est.)

Irrigated land:  NA sq km

Natural hazards:  NA

Environment - current issues:  NA

Environment - international agreements:  party to: Biodiversity, Climate
Change, Desertification, Nuclear Test Ban signed, but not ratified:
Air Pollution

Geography - note:  landlocked; smallest independent state in Europe
after the Holy See and Monaco; dominated by the Apennines

People San Marino

Population:  27,730 (July 2002 est.)

Age structure:  0-14 years: 16.1% (male 2,300; female 2,161) 15-64 years:
67.5% (male 9,102; female 9,625) 65 years and over: 16.4% (male 1,956;
female 2,586) (2002 est.)

Population growth rate:  1.41% (2002 est.)

Birth rate:  10.64 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)

Death rate:  7.79 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)

Net migration rate:  11.29 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)

Sex ratio:  at birth: 1.09 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.06
male(s)/female 15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female 65 years and over:
0.76 male(s)/female total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2002 est.)

Infant mortality rate:  6.09 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:   85.18 years (2002 est.)  male: Total fertility
rate:  1.3 children born/woman (2002 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:  NA%

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:  NA

HIV/AIDS - deaths:  NA

Nationality:  noun: Sammarinese (singular and plural) adjective:

Ethnic groups:  Sammarinese, Italian

Religions:  Roman Catholic

Languages:  Italian

Literacy:  definition: age 10 and over can read and write total
population: 96% male: 97% female: 95% (1976 est.)

Government San Marino

Country name:   Republic of San Marino conventional short form:  San

Government type:  independent republic

Capital:  San Marino

Administrative divisions:  9 municipalities (castelli, singular -
castello); Acquaviva, Borgo Maggiore, Chiesanuova, Domagnano, Faetano,
Fiorentino, Monte Giardino, San Marino, Serravalle

Independence:  3 September 301

National holiday:  Founding of the Republic, 3 September (301)

Constitution:  8 October 1600; electoral law of 1926 serves some of the
functions of a constitution

Legal system:  based on civil law system with Italian law influences;
has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

Suffrage:  18 years of age; universal

Executive branch:  chief of state: cochiefs of state Captain Regent
Antonio Lazzaro VOLPINARI and Captain Regent Giovanni Francesco UGOLINI
(for the period 1 April-31 October 2002) elections: cochiefs of state
(captains regent) elected by the Great and General Council for a six-month
term; election last held 1 April 2002 (next to be held NA September 2002);
secretary of state for foreign and political affairs elected by the Great
and General Council for a five-year term; election last held 10 June 2001
(next to be held NA June 2006) note: the popularly elected parliament
(Grand and General Council) selects two of its members to serve as the
Captains Regent (cochiefs of state) for a six-month period; they preside
over meetings of the Grand and General Council and its cabinet (Congress
of State) which has ten other members, all selected by the Grand and
General Council; assisting the captains regent are ten secretaries of
state; the secretary of state for Foreign Affairs has assumed some of
the prerogatives of a prime minister election results: Antonio Lazzaro
VOLPINARI and Giovanni Francesco UGOLINI reelected captains regent;
percent of legislative vote - NA%; Gabriele GATTI reelected secretary of
state for foreign and political affairs; percent of legislative vote -
NA% cabinet: Congress of State elected by the Great and General Council
for a five-year term head of government: Secretary of State for Foreign
and Political Affairs Gabriele GATTI (since 26 July 1986)

Legislative branch:  unicameral Grand and General Council or Consiglio
Grande e Generale (60 seats; members are elected by direct, popular
vote to serve five-year terms) elections: last held 10 June 2001 (next
to be held by June 2006) election results: percent of vote by party -
PDCS 41.4%, PSS 24.2%, PD 20.8%, APDS 8.2%, RC 3.4%, AN 1.9%; seats by
party - PDCS 25, PSS 15, PD 12, APDS 5, RC 2, AN 1

Judicial branch:  Council of Twelve or Consiglio dei XII

Political parties and leaders:  Communist Refoundation or RC [Ivan FOSHI];
Ideas in Movement or IM [Alessandro ROSSI]; National Alliance or AN
[leader NA]; Party of Democrats or PD [Claudio FELICI]; San Marino
Christian Democratic Party or PDCS [Romeo RIORRI]; San Marino Popular
Alliance of Democrats or APDS [Roberto GIORGETTI]; San Marino Socialist
Party or PSS [Augusto CASALI]; Socialists for Reform or SR [Renzo GIARDI]

Political pressure groups and leaders:  NA

International organization participation:  CE, ECE, FAO, IBRD, ICAO,

Diplomatic representation in the US:  San Marino does not have an embassy
in the US honorary consulate(s) general: Washington, DC, and New York
honorary consulate(s): Detroit

Diplomatic representation from the US:  the US does not have an embassy
in San Marino; the US Consul General in Florence (Italy) is accredited
to San Marino

Flag description:  two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and light
blue with the national coat of arms superimposed in the center; the coat
of arms has a shield (featuring three towers on three peaks) flanked
by a wreath, below a crown and above a scroll bearing the word LIBERTAS

Economy San Marino

Economy - overview:  The tourist sector contributes over 50% of GDP. In
2000 more than 3 million tourists visited San Marino. The key industries
are banking, wearing apparel, electronics, and ceramics. Main agricultural
products are wine and cheeses. The per capita level of output and standard
of living are comparable to those of the most prosperous regions of Italy,
which supplies much of its food.

GDP:  purchasing power parity - $940 million (2001 est.)

GDP - real growth rate:  7.5% (2001 est.)

GDP - per capita:  purchasing power parity - $34,600 (2001 est.)

GDP - composition by sector:  agriculture: NA% industry: NA% services: NA%

Population below poverty line:  NA%

Household income or consumption by percentage share:  lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%

Inflation rate (consumer prices):  3.3% (2001)

Labor force:  18,500 (1999)

Labor force - by occupation:  services 57%, industry 42%, agriculture 1%
(2000 est.)

Unemployment rate:  2.6% (2001)

Budget:  revenues: $400 million expenditures: $400 million, including
capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.)

Industries:  tourism, banking, textiles, electronics, ceramics, cement,

Industrial production growth rate:  6% (1997 est.)

Electricity - production:  0 kWh

Electricity - production by source:  fossil fuel: NA% other: NA% nuclear:
NA% hydro: NA%

Electricity - consumption:  184.5 million kWh (2000)

Electricity - exports:  0 kWh note: electric power supplied by Italy

Electricity - imports:  184.5 kWh note: electricity supplied by Italy

Agriculture - products:  wheat, grapes, corn, olives; cattle, pigs,
horses, beef, cheese, hides

Exports:  trade data are included with the statistics for Italy

Exports - commodities:  building stone, lime, wood, chestnuts, wheat,
wine, baked goods, hides, ceramics

Imports:  trade data are included with the statistics for Italy

Imports - commodities:  wide variety of consumer manufactures, food

Debt - external:  $NA

Economic aid - recipient:  $NA

Currency:  euro (EUR); Italian lira (ITL)

Currency code:  EUR; ITL

Exchange rates:  euros per US dollar - 1.1324 (January 2002), 1.1175
(2001), 1.08540 (2000), 0.93863 (1999); Italian lire per US dollar -
1,736.2 (1998), 1,703.1 (1997)

Fiscal year:  calendar year

Communications San Marino

Telephones - main lines in use:  18,000 (1998)

Telephones - mobile cellular:  3,010 (1998)

Telephone system:  general assessment: adequate connections domestic:
automatic telephone system completely integrated into Italian system
international: connected to Italian international network

Radio broadcast stations:  AM 0, FM 3, shortwave 0 (1998)

Radios:  16,000 (1997)

Television broadcast stations:  1 (San Marino residents also receive
broadcasts from Italy) (1997)

Televisions:  9,000 (1997)

Internet country code:  .sm

Internet Service Providers (ISPs):  2 (2000)

Internet users:  NA

Transportation San Marino

Railways:  0 km; note - there is a 1.5-km cable railway connecting the
city of San Marino to Borgo Maggiore

Highways:  total: 220 km paved: 220 km unpaved: 0 km (2001)

Waterways:  none

Ports and harbors:  none

Airports:  none (2001)

Military San Marino

Military branches:  Voluntary Military Force (Corpi Militari Voluntar),
Gendarmerie; note - the Voluntary Military Force performs ceremonial
duties and limited police assistance

Military expenditures - dollar figure:  $700,000 (FY00/01)

Military expenditures - percent of GDP:  NA%

Transnational Issues San Marino

Disputes - international:  none

This page was last updated on 1 January 2002




Education Resources

Natural Stone Veneer
Stone Directory

Las Vegas Graphics & Web Design
Las Vegas Graphic & Web Design
Graphic Design & Web Design in Las Vegas

Dentures. Complete Dentures. Partial Dentures.
 Complete Dentures
 Partial Dentures

Leadership Courses & Management Courses in Las Vegas USA
Management Training Courses in Las Vegas USA
Leadership Training & Management Courses in Las Vegas

Management  Best Practices
Management Best Practices

Management Consulting Courses
Management Consulting Courses

Management Training Courses
Management Training Courses

Business School Online
Online Business Schools

Open Courseware
Free Open Courses

Online Business Courses
Business Schools Online

Business Management Courses
Business Management Courses

CEO Magazine
CEO Magazine

CEO Library
CEO Library

CEO Club
Executive Networking

CEO Books
CEO Books

MBA Review
Review of MBA Programs

Best MBA
Ranking of World's Best MBA Programs

MBA distance Learning
Online MBA

Top Ranking MBA
Ranking of Top MBA Programs

Online Executive MBA
Online Executive MBA Programs

Accelerated MBA
Accelerated MBA Programs

Las Vegas Web Design
Las Vegas Web Design