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Flag of Martinique

Country Profile

Capital City: Fort-de-France

Local Time: UTC -4h

Location: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean.
Area: 1 000 sq km
Terrain: Mountainous with indented coastline; dormant volcano.

Climate: Maritime tropical; moderated by trade winds; rainy season (June to October)

Overseas Department of France.

Nationality: Martiniquais
Population: 433 000
Ethnic Groups: African and African-white-Indian.
Religions: Christianity 90%
Languages: French (official), Creole patois
Literacy: 98%


Currency: Euro (EUR)

Natural resources: Touristy coastal scenery and beaches, cultivable land.

Agriculture products: Pineapples, avocados, bananas, flowers, vegetables, sugarcane

Industries: Construction, rum, cement, oil refining, sugar, tourism.

Exports partners:
France 45%, Guadeloupe 28% (2000)

Imports partners: France 62%, Venezuela 6%, Germany 4%, Italy 4%, USA 3% (2000)

Internet Links

Official Sites of Martinique

Département de la Martinique - Conseil Général

Région Martinique - Conseil Régional

L'Assemblée Martinique

Ministère de l'Outre-Mer 

Diplomatic Missions
Directory of French representations abroad (in French)

Meteo Antilles

Map of Martinique, Dominica and Guadeloupe

Map of Central America and the Caribbean



Background:  Colonized by France in 1635, the island has subsequently
remained a French possession except for three brief periods of foreign

Geography Martinique

Location:  Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, north of Trinidad
and Tobago

Geographic coordinates:  14 40 N, 61 00 W

Map references:  Central America and the Caribbean

Area:  total: 1,100 sq km water: 40 sq km land: 1,060 sq km

Area - comparative:  slightly more than six times the size of Washington,

Land boundaries:  0 km

Coastline:  350 km

Maritime claims:  exclusive economic zone: 200 NM territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate:  tropical; moderated by trade winds; rainy season (June to
October); vulnerable to devastating cyclones (hurricanes) every eight
years on average; average temperature 17.3 degrees C; humid

Terrain:  mountainous with indented coastline; dormant volcano

Elevation extremes:  lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m highest point:
Montagne Pelee 1,397 m

Natural resources:  coastal scenery and beaches, cultivable land

Land use:  arable land: 10% permanent crops: 11% other: 79% (1998 est.)

Irrigated land:  30 sq km (1998 est.)

Natural hazards:  hurricanes, flooding, and volcanic activity (an average
of one major natural disaster every five years)

Environment - current issues:  NA

Geography - note:  the island is dominated by Mount Pelee, which on
8 May 1902 erupted and completely destroyed the city of Saint Pierre,
killing 30,000 inhabitants

People Martinique

Population:  422,277 (July 2002 est.)

Age structure:  0-14 years: 23% (male 49,261; female 47,843) 15-64
years: 66.8% (male 140,616; female 141,460) 65 years and over: 10.2%
(male 19,274; female 23,823) (2002 est.)

Population growth rate:  0.89% (2002 est.)

Birth rate:  15.37 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)

Death rate:  6.4 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)

Net migration rate:  -0.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)

Sex ratio:  at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.03
male(s)/female 15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female 65 years and over:
0.81 male(s)/female total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2002 est.)

Infant mortality rate:  7.62 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:   77.92 years (2002 est.)  male: Total fertility
rate:  1.79 children born/woman (2002 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:  NA%

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:  NA

HIV/AIDS - deaths:  NA

Nationality:  noun: Martiniquais (singular and plural) adjective:

Ethnic groups:  African and African-white-Indian mixture 90%, white 5%,
East Indian, Chinese less than 5%

Religions:  Roman Catholic 95%, Hindu and pagan African 5%

Languages:  French, Creole patois

Literacy:  definition: age 15 and over can read and write total
population: 93% male: 92% female: 93% (1982 est.)

Government Martinique

Country name:   Department of Martinique conventional short form:
la Martinique

Dependency status:  overseas department of France

Government type:  NA

Capital:  Fort-de-France

Administrative divisions:  none (overseas department of France)

Independence:  none (overseas department of France)

National holiday:  Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)

Constitution:  28 September 1958 (French Constitution)

Legal system:  French legal system

Suffrage:  18 years of age; universal

Executive branch:  chief of state: President Jacques CHIRAC of France
(since 17 May 1995); Prefect Michel CADOT (since 21 June 2000) elections:
French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; prefect
appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry
of Interior; the presidents of the General and Regional Councils are
elected by the members of those councils head of government: President
of the General Council Claude LISE (since 22 March 1992); President of
the Regional Council Alfred MARIE-JEANNE (since NA March 1998) cabinet: NA

Legislative branch:  unicameral General Council or Conseil General (45
seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms) and
a unicameral Regional Assembly or Conseil Regional (41 seats; members
are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms) elections: General
Council - last held NA March 2000 (next to be held NA 2006); Regional
Assembly - last held on 15 March 1998 (next to be held by March 2004)
election results: General Council - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats
by party - left-wing parties 29, right-wing parties 14, independents 2;
note - the PPM won a plurality; Regional Assembly - percent of vote by
party - NA%; seats by party - RPR-UDF 14, MIM 13, PPM 7, left parties 4,
PMS 3 note: Martinique elects 2 seats to the French Senate; elections
last held NA September 2001 (next to be held September 2004); results -
percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - PPM 2; Martinique also
elects 4 seats to the French National Assembly; elections last held,
first round - 9 June 2002, second round - 16 June 2002 (next to be held
June 2007); results - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA

Judicial branch:  Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel

Political parties and leaders:  Martinique Independence Movement or MIM
[Alfred MARIE-JEANNE]; Martinique Progressive Party or PPM [Camille
DARSIERES]; note - may no longer be in existence; Martinique Socialist
Party or PMS [Ernest WAN-AJOUHU]; Movement of Democrats and Ecologists
for a Sovereign Martinique or Modemas [Garcin MALSA]; Rally for the
Republic or RPR [Michel CHARLONE]; Socialist Revolution Group or GRS
[Philippe PIERRE-CHARLES]; Union for French Democracy or UDF [Jean MAREN]

Political pressure groups and leaders:  Caribbean Revolutionary Alliance
or ARC; Central Union for Martinique Workers or CSTM [Marc PULVAR];
Frantz Fanon Circle; League of Workers and Peasants; Proletarian Action
Group or GAP

International organization participation:  FZ, WCL, WFTU

Diplomatic representation in the US:  none (overseas department of France)

Diplomatic representation from the US:  none (overseas department
of France)

Flag description:  a light blue background is divided into four quadrants
by a white cross; in the center of each rectangle is a white snake;
the flag of France is used for official occasions

Economy Martinique

Economy - overview:  The economy is based on sugarcane, bananas, tourism,
and light industry. Agriculture accounts for about 6% of GDP and the
small industrial sector for 11%. Sugar production has declined, with
most of the sugarcane now used for the production of rum. Banana exports
are increasing, going mostly to France. The bulk of meat, vegetable,
and grain requirements must be imported, contributing to a chronic
trade deficit that requires large annual transfers of aid from France.
Tourism, which employs more than 11,000 people, has become more important
than agricultural exports as a source of foreign exchange. The majority
of the work force is employed in the service sector and in administration.

GDP:  purchasing power parity - $4.39 billion (1997 est.)

GDP - real growth rate:  NA%

GDP - per capita:  purchasing power parity - $11,000 (1997 est.)

GDP - composition by sector:  agriculture: 6% industry: 11% services: 83%
(1997 est.)

Population below poverty line:  NA%

Household income or consumption by percentage share:  lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%

Inflation rate (consumer prices):  3.9% (1990)

Labor force:  170,000 (1997)

Labor force - by occupation:  agriculture 10%, industry 17%, services 73%

Unemployment rate:  27.2% (1998)

Budget:  revenues: $900 million expenditures: $2.5 billion, including
capital expenditures of $140 million (1996)

Industries:  construction, rum, cement, oil refining, sugar, tourism

Industrial production growth rate:  NA%

Electricity - production:  1.125 billion kWh (2000)

Electricity - production by source:  fossil fuel: 100% hydro: 0% other: 0%
(2000) nuclear: 0%

Electricity - consumption:  1.046 billion kWh (2000)

Electricity - exports:  0 kWh (2000)

Electricity - imports:  0 kWh (2000)

Agriculture - products:  pineapples, avocados, bananas, flowers,
vegetables, sugarcane

Exports:  $250 million (f.o.b., 1997)

Exports - commodities:  refined petroleum products, bananas, rum,

Exports - partners:  France 45%, Guadeloupe 28% (1997)

Imports:  $2 billion (c.i.f., 1997)

Imports - commodities:  petroleum products, crude oil, foodstuffs,
construction materials, vehicles, clothing and other consumer goods

Imports - partners:  France 62%, Venezuela 6%, Germany 4%, Italy 4%, US 3%

Debt - external:  $180 million (1994)

Economic aid - recipient:  $NA; note - substantial annual aid from France

Currency:  euro (EUR); French franc (FRF)

Currency code:  EUR; FRF

Exchange rates:  euros per US dollar - 1.1324 (January 2002), 1.1175
(2001), 1.0854 (2000), 0.9386 (1999); French francs per US dollar -
5.8995 (1998), 5.8367 (1997)

Fiscal year:  calendar year

Communications Martinique

Telephones - main lines in use:  170,000 (1997)

Telephones - mobile cellular:  15,000 (1997)

Telephone system:  general assessment: domestic facilities are adequate
domestic: NA international: microwave radio relay to Guadeloupe, Dominica,
and Saint Lucia; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)

Radio broadcast stations:  AM 0, FM 14, shortwave 0 (1998)

Radios:  82,000 (1997)

Television broadcast stations:  11 (plus nine repeaters) (1997)

Televisions:  66,000 (1997)

Internet country code:  .mq

Internet Service Providers (ISPs):  2 (2000)

Internet users:  5,000 (2000)

Transportation Martinique

Railways:  0 km (2002)

Highways:  total: 2,105 km (2000) paved: NA km unpaved: NA km

Waterways:  none

Ports and harbors:  Fort-de-France, La Trinite

Merchant marine:  none (2002 est.)

Airports:  2 (2001)

Airports - with paved runways:  total: 1 over 3,047 m: 1 (2001)

Airports - with unpaved runways:  total: 1 under 914 m: 1 (2001)

Military Martinique

Military branches:  no regular indigenous military forces; French Forces
(Army, Navy, Air Force), Gendarmerie

Military - note:  defense is the responsibility of France

Transnational Issues Martinique

Disputes - international:  none

Illicit drugs:  transshipment point for cocaine and marijuana bound for
the US and Europe

This page was last updated on 1 January 2002

Caribbean Net News

RFO Martinique

Arts & Culture
Centre Martiniquais d'Action Culturelle

Musée Départemental d'Archéologie et de Préhistoire

Chambre de Commerce et d'Industrie de la Martinique

Express des iles

Transit Martiniquais

Destination Martinique - Travel and Tour Guides
Tourist Martinique

Office du tourisme Trois-Ilets

Discover Martinique

Martinique Nature

Images de Martinique

City Guides


Mairie du Lamentin

Comune Robert

Sainte Marie

L'universite des Antilles et de la Guyane - Martinique and Guyana

Observatoire Volcanologique de la Montagne Pelée

Brief History of Martinique

Annuaire Martinique





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