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Heard and Mc Donald Islands
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Heard and McDonald Islands


Heard Island and McDonald Islands

Background:  These uninhabited, barren, sub-Antarctic islands were
transferred from the UK to Australia in 1947. Populated by large numbers
of seal and bird species, the islands have been designated a nature

Geography Heard Island and McDonald Islands

Location:  Southern Africa, islands in the Indian Ocean, about two-thirds
of the way from Madagascar to Antarctica

Geographic coordinates:  53 06 S, 72 31 E

Map references:  Antarctic Region

Area:  total: 412 sq km water: 0 sq km land: 412 sq km

Area - comparative:  slightly more than two times the size of Washington,

Land boundaries:  0 km

Coastline:  101.9 km

Maritime claims:  exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate:  antarctic

Terrain:  Heard Island - 80% ice-covered, bleak and mountainous, dominated
by a large massif (Big Ben) and an active volcano (Mawson Peak); McDonald
Islands - small and rocky

Elevation extremes:  lowest point: Southern Ocean 0 m highest point:
Big Ben 2,745 m

Natural resources:  fish

Land use:  arable land: 0% permanent crops: 0% other: 100% (1998 est.)

Irrigated land:  0 sq km (1998 est.)

Natural hazards:  Mawson Peak, an active volcano, is on Heard Island

Environment - current issues:  NA

People Heard Island and McDonald Islands

Population:  uninhabited (July 2002 est.)

Population growth rate:  NA

Government Heard Island and McDonald Islands

Country name:  conventional long form: Territory of Heard Island and
McDonald Islands conventional short form: Heard Island and McDonald

Dependency status:  territory of Australia; administered from Canberra
by the Australian Antarctic Division of the Department of the Environment
and Heritage

Legal system:  the laws of Australia, where applicable, apply

Diplomatic representation in the US:  none (territory of Australia)

Diplomatic representation from the US:  none (territory of Australia)

Flag description:  the flag of Australia is used

Economy Heard Island and McDonald Islands

Economy - overview:  No indigenous economic activity, but the Australian
Government allows limited fishing around the islands.

Communications Heard Island and McDonald Islands

Internet country code:  .hm

Transportation Heard Island and McDonald Islands

Waterways:  none

Ports and harbors:  none; offshore anchorage only

Military Heard Island and McDonald Islands

Military - note:  defense is the responsibility of Australia; Australia
conducts fisheries patrols

Transnational Issues Heard Island and McDonald Islands

Disputes - international:  none

This page was last updated on 1 January 2002




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