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Guam Flag

Country Profile

Capital City: Hagta (formerly Agana)

Other Cities: Agat, Merizo, Yigo

Local Time: UTC +10h

Location: Oceania, island in the North Pacific Ocean, east of the Philippines and north of Papua New Guinea.
Area: 549 sq km (212 square miles)
Terrain: volcanic origin, surrounded by coral reefs, low hills in center, mountains in south.

Climate: Tropical marine; warm and humid with little seasonal temperature variation, dry season from January to June, rainy season from July to December.

Organized, unincorporated territory of the US.

Nationality: Noun and adjective--Guamanian(s)
Population: 160 000 (2004 est.)
Ethnic Groups: Chamorro 37%, Filipino 26%, white 10%, Asian and other 27%
Religions: Roman Catholic 85%, other 15%
Languages: English, Chamorro, Japanese
Literacy: 99%


Currency: US Dollar $ (USD)

Natural resources: Fishing (largely undeveloped), tourism.

Agriculture products: Fruits, copra, vegetables; eggs, pork, poultry, beef .

Industries: US military, tourism, construction, transshipment services, concrete products, printing and publishing, food processing, textiles.

Exports partners:
Japan 55.4%, South Korea 27.3%, Singapore 7.1% (2004)

Imports partners: Singapore 43%, Japan 20.6%, South Korea 16%, Hong Kong 9.8% (2004)

Internet Links

Official Sites of Guam

Guam Government

Welcome to Guam

National Weather Service Forecast Office - Tiyan, Guam

Map of Guam

Map of West Pacific Islands

Map of Oceania



Background:  Guam was ceded to the US by Spain in 1898. Captured by
the Japanese in 1941, it was retaken by the US three years later. The
military installation on the island is one of the most strategically
important US bases in the Pacific.

Geography Guam

Location:  Oceania, island in the North Pacific Ocean, about
three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines

Geographic coordinates:  13 28 N, 144 47 E

Map references:  Oceania

Area:  total: 549 sq km water: 0 sq km land: 549 sq km

Area - comparative:  three times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries:  0 km

Coastline:  125.5 km

Maritime claims:  exclusive economic zone: 200 NM territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate:  tropical marine; generally warm and humid, moderated by
northeast trade winds; dry season from January to June, rainy season
from July to December; little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain:  volcanic origin, surrounded by coral reefs; relatively flat
coralline limestone plateau (source of most fresh water), with steep
coastal cliffs and narrow coastal plains in north, low hills in center,
mountains in south

Elevation extremes:  lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m highest point:
Mount Lamlam 406 m

Natural resources:  fishing (largely undeveloped), tourism (especially
from Japan)

Land use:  arable land: 11% permanent crops: 11% other: 78% (1998 est.)

Irrigated land:  NA sq km

Natural hazards:  frequent squalls during rainy season; relatively rare,
but potentially very destructive typhoons (June - December)

Environment - current issues:  extirpation of native bird population
by the rapid proliferation of the brown tree snake, an exotic, invasive

Geography - note:  largest and southernmost island in the Mariana Islands
archipelago; strategic location in western North Pacific Ocean

People Guam

Population:  160,796 (July 2002 est.)

Age structure:  0-14 years: 35.1% (male 29,706; female 26,813) 15-64
years: 58.6% (male 49,457; female 44,697) 65 years and over: 6.3%
(male 5,070; female 5,053) (2002 est.)

Population growth rate:  1.99% (2002 est.)

Birth rate:  24.09 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)

Death rate:  4.24 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)

Net migration rate:  0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)

Sex ratio:  at birth: 1.14 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.11
male(s)/female 15-64 years: 1.11 male(s)/female 65 years and over:
1 male(s)/female total population: 1.1 male(s)/female (2002 est.)

Infant mortality rate:  6.58 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:   80.72 years (2002 est.)  male: Total fertility
rate:  3.73 children born/woman (2002 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:  NA%

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:  NA

HIV/AIDS - deaths:  NA

Nationality:  noun: Guamanian(s) adjective: Guamanian

Ethnic groups:  Chamorro 37%, Filipino 26%, white 10%, Chinese, Japanese,
Korean, and other 27%

Religions:  Roman Catholic 85%, other 15% (1999 est.)

Languages:  English, Chamorro, Japanese

Literacy:  definition: age 15 and over can read and write total
population: 99% male: 99% female: 99% (1990 est.)

Government Guam

Country name:   Territory of Guam conventional short form: Dependency
status:  organized, unincorporated territory of the US with policy
relations between Guam and the US under the jurisdiction of the Office
of Insular Affairs, US Department of the Interior

Government type:  NA

Capital:  Hagatna (Agana)

Administrative divisions:  none (territory of the US)

Independence:  none (territory of the US)

National holiday:  Discovery Day, first Monday in March (1521)

Constitution:  Organic Act of 1 August 1950

Legal system:  modeled on US; US federal laws apply

Suffrage:  18 years of age; universal; US citizens, but do not vote in
US presidential elections

Executive branch:  chief of state: President George W. BUSH of the US
(since 20 January 2001); Vice President Richard B. CHENEY (since 20
January 2001) election results: Carl GUTIERREZ reelected governor; percent
of vote - Carl GUTIERREZ (Democrat) 53.2%, Joseph ADA (Republican) 46.8%
elections: US president and vice president elected on the same ticket
for a four-year term; governor and lieutenant governor elected on the
same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms; election last held
3 November 1998 (next to be held 5 November 2002) head of government:
Governor Carl GUTIERREZ (since 8 November 1994) and Lieutenant Governor
Madeleine BORDALLO (since 8 November 1994) cabinet: executive departments;
heads appointed by the governor with the consent of the Guam legislature

Legislative branch:  unicameral Legislature (15 seats; members are elected
by popular vote to serve two-year terms) elections: last held 7 November
2000 (next to be held 5 November 2002) note: Guam elects one nonvoting
delegate to the US House of Representatives; election last held 7 November
2000 (next to be held 5 November 2002); results - Robert UNDERWOOD was
reelected as delegate; percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party -
Democratic Party 1 election results: percent of vote by party - NA%;
seats by party - Republican Party 8, Democratic Party 7

Judicial branch:  Federal District Court (judge is appointed by the
president); Territorial Superior Court (judges appointed for eight-year
terms by the governor)

Political parties and leaders:  Democratic Party (party of Governor
GUTIERREZ) [leader NA]; Republican Party (controls the legislature)
[leader NA]

Political pressure groups and leaders:  NA

International organization participation:  ESCAP (associate), Interpol
(subbureau), IOC, SPC

Diplomatic representation in the US:  none (territory of the US)

Diplomatic representation from the US:  none (territory of the US)

Flag description:  territorial flag is dark blue with a narrow red border
on all four sides; centered is a red-bordered, pointed, vertical ellipse
containing a beach scene, outrigger canoe with sail, and a palm tree
with the word GUAM superimposed in bold red letters; US flag is the
national flag

Economy Guam

Economy - overview:  The economy depends on US military spending,
tourism, and the export of fish and handicrafts. Total US grants, wage
payments, and procurement outlays amounted to $1 billion in 1998. Over
the past 20 years, the tourist industry has grown rapidly, creating a
construction boom for new hotels and the expansion of older ones. More
than 1 million tourists visit Guam each year. The industry has recently
suffered setbacks because of the continuing Japanese slowdown; the
Japanese normally make up almost 90% of the tourists. Most food and
industrial goods are imported. Guam faces the problem of building up
the civilian economic sector to offset the impact of military downsizing.

GDP:  purchasing power parity - $3.2 billion (2000 est.)

GDP - real growth rate:  NA%

GDP - per capita:  purchasing power parity - $21,000 (2000 est.)

GDP - composition by sector:  agriculture: NA% industry: 15% (1993)
services: NA%

Population below poverty line:  23% (2001 est.)

Household income or consumption by percentage share:  lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%

Inflation rate (consumer prices):  0% (1999 est.)

Labor force:  60,000 (2000 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:  federal and territorial government 26%,
private 74% (trade 24%, other services 40%, industry 10%) (2000 est.)

Unemployment rate:  15% (2000 est.)

Budget:  revenues: $420 million expenditures: $431 million, including
capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.)

Industries:  US military, tourism, construction, transshipment services,
concrete products, printing and publishing, food processing, textiles

Industrial production growth rate:  NA%

Electricity - production:  825 million kWh (2000)

Electricity - production by source:  fossil fuel: 100% hydro: 0% other: 0%
(2000) nuclear: 0%

Electricity - consumption:  767.25 million kWh (2000)

Electricity - exports:  0 kWh (2000)

Electricity - imports:  0 kWh (2000)

Agriculture - products:  fruits, copra, vegetables; eggs, pork, poultry,

Exports:  $75.7 million (f.o.b., 1999 est.)

Exports - commodities:  mostly transshipments of refined petroleum
products; construction materials, fish, food and beverage products

Exports - partners:  US 25%

Imports:  $203 million (f.o.b., 1999 est.)

Imports - commodities:  petroleum and petroleum products, food,
manufactured goods

Imports - partners:  US 23%, Japan 19%

Debt - external:  $NA

Economic aid - recipient:  Guam receives large transfer payments from the
US Federal Treasury ($143 million in 1997) into which Guamanians pay no
income or excise taxes; under the provisions of a special law of Congress,
the Guam Treasury, rather than the US Treasury, receives federal income
taxes paid by military and civilian Federal employees stationed in Guam

Currency:  US dollar (USD)

Currency code:  USD

Exchange rates:  the US dollar is used

Fiscal year:  1 October - 30 September

Communications Guam

Telephones - main lines in use:  84,134 (1998)

Telephones - mobile cellular:  55,000 (1998)

Telephone system:  general assessment: modern system, integrated with
US facilities for direct dialing, including free use of 800 numbers
domestic: modern digital system, including cellular mobile service and
local access to the Internet international: satellite earth stations -
2 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean); submarine cables to US and Japan (Guam is a
trans-Pacific communications hub for MCI, Sprint, AT&T, IT&E, and GTE,
linking the US and Asia)

Radio broadcast stations:  AM 4, FM 7, shortwave 0 (1998)

Radios:  221,000 (1997)

Television broadcast stations:  5 (1997)

Televisions:  106,000 (1997)

Internet country code:  .gu

Internet Service Providers (ISPs):  20 (2000)

Internet users:  5,000 (2000)

Transportation Guam

Railways:  0 km

Highways:  total: 885 km paved: 675 km unpaved: 210 km note: there are
also 685 km of roads classified non-public, including roads located on
federal government installations

Waterways:  none

Ports and harbors:  Apra Harbor

Merchant marine:  none (2002 est.)

Airports:  5 (2001)

Airports - with paved runways:  total: 4 over 3,047 m: 2 2,438 to 3,047 m:
1 914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2001)

Airports - with unpaved runways:  total: 1 under 914 m: 1 (2001)

Military Guam

Military - note:  defense is the responsibility of the US

Transnational Issues Guam

Disputes - international:  none

This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


Pacific Daily News

Arts & Culture
Guam's NonProfit Organizations

Guam's History in Songs of Carmen Iglesias Santos

Legends of Guam

Business & Economy
Bank Of Guam

Guam Chamber of Commerce

Guam Department of Commerce

Guam International Airport

Port Authority of Guam

Destination Guam - Travel and Tour Guides

Welcome to Guam

The Ultimate Guide into Guam and her People

Bisita Guam

What's It Like to Live on Guam?


Annual Guam Isla Triathlon

Guam Department of Education

Guam Community College

University of Guam

Guam Environmental Protection Agency

Guam Department of Parks and Recreation

Chamorro History

History of Guam

Notable History Of Events on Guam

War in the Pacific


Gef Pa'go Chamorro Cultural Village

Nasion Chamoru: The Chamoru Nation, Guam

A Tragedy Told in Names

Guam Net 6.0




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