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Côte d'Ivoire
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Côte d'Ivoire

Capital City: Yamoussoukro

Other Cities: The former capital Abidjan remains the administrative center.

Border countries: Burkina Faso, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali

Internet Links

Official Sites of Côte d'Ivoire
Président de la République de Côte d'Ivoire

Présidence de la République de Côte d'Ivoire

Permanent Mission of Côte d'Ivoire to the United Nations

Ambassade de Côte d'Ivoire

Map of Côte d'Ivoire


Cote d'Ivoire

Background:  Close ties to France since independence in 1960, the
development of cocoa production for export, and foreign investment
made Cote d'Ivoire one of the most prosperous of the tropical African
states. Falling cocoa prices and political turmoil, however, sparked an
economic downturn in 1999 and 2000. On 25 December 1999, a military coup
- the first ever in Cote d'Ivoire's history - overthrew the government
led by President Henri Konan BEDIE. Presidential and legislative
elections held in October and December 2000 provoked violence due to
the exclusion of opposition leader Alassane OUATTARA. In October 2000,
Laurent GBAGBO replaced junta leader Robert GUEI as president, ending
10 months of military rule. In October 2001, President GBAGBO initiated
a two-month-long National Reconciliation Forum, but its ability to
conciliate Ivorians with one another remains unclear.

Geography Cote d'Ivoire

Location:  Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between
Ghana and Liberia

Geographic coordinates:  8 00 N, 5 00 W

Map references:  Africa

Area:  total: 322,460 sq km water: 4,460 sq km land: 318,000 sq km

Area - comparative:  slightly larger than New Mexico

Land boundaries:  total: 3,110 km border countries: Burkina Faso 584 km,
Ghana 668 km, Guinea 610 km, Liberia 716 km, Mali 532 km

Coastline:  515 km

Maritime claims:   200 NM territorial sea: Climate:  tropical along coast,
semiarid in far north; three seasons - warm and dry (November to March),
hot and dry (March to May), hot and wet (June to October)

Terrain:  mostly flat to undulating plains; mountains in northwest

Elevation extremes:  lowest point: Gulf of Guinea 0 m highest point:
Mont Nimba 1,752 m

Natural resources:  petroleum, natural gas, diamonds, manganese, iron ore,
cobalt, bauxite, copper, hydropower

Land use:  arable land: 9% permanent crops: 14% other: 77% (1998 est.)

Irrigated land:  730 sq km (1998 est.)

Natural hazards:  coast has heavy surf and no natural harbors; during
the rainy season torrential flooding is possible

Environment - current issues:  deforestation (most of the country's
forests - once the largest in West Africa - have been heavily logged);
water pollution from sewage and industrial and agricultural effluents

Environment - international agreements:  party to: Biodiversity,
Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes,
Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection,
Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands signed,
but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:  most of the inhabitants live along the sandy coastal
region; apart from the capital area, the forested interior is sparsely

People Cote d'Ivoire

Population:  16,804,784 note: estimates for this country explicitly take
into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result
in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower
population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population
by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2002 est.)

Age structure:  0-14 years: 46% (male 3,874,651; female 3,847,080) 15-64
years: 51.8% (male 4,468,242; female 4,238,998) 65 years and over: 2.2%
(male 185,306; female 190,507) (2002 est.)

Population growth rate:  2.45% (2002 est.)

Birth rate:  39.99 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)

Death rate:  16.74 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)

Net migration rate:  1.22 migrant(s)/1,000 population note: after
Liberia's civil war started in 1990, more than 350,000 refugees fled to
Cote d'Ivoire; by the end of 1999 most Liberian refugees were assumed
to have returned (2002 est.)

Sex ratio:  at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.01
male(s)/female 15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female 65 years and over:
0.97 male(s)/female total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2002 est.)

Infant mortality rate:  92.23 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:   46.03 years (2002 est.)  male: Total fertility
rate:  5.61 children born/woman (2002 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:  10.76% (1999 est.)

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:  1 million (2000)

HIV/AIDS - deaths:  72,000 (1999 est.)

Nationality:  noun: Ivorian(s) adjective: Ivorian

Ethnic groups:  Akan 42.1%, Voltaiques or Gur 17.6%, Northern Mandes
16.5%, Krous 11%, Southern Mandes 10%, other 2.8% (includes 130,000
Lebanese and 20,000 French) (1998)

Religions:  Christian 20-30%, Muslim 35-40%, indigenous 25-40% (2001)
note: the majority of foreigners (migratory workers) are Muslim (70%)
and Christian (20%)

Languages:  French (official), 60 native dialects with Dioula the most
widely spoken

Literacy:  definition: age 15 and over can read and write total
population: 48.5% male: 57% female: 40%

Government Cote d'Ivoire

Country name:   Republic of Cote d'Ivoire conventional short form:
long form: Republique de Cote d'Ivoire

Government type:  republic; multiparty presidential regime established

Capital:  Yamoussoukro; note - although Yamoussoukro has been the official
capital since 1983, Abidjan remains the administrative center; the US,
like other countries, maintains its Embassy in Abidjan

Administrative divisions:  58 departments (departements, singular -
departement); Abengourou, Abidjan, Aboisso, Adiake, Adzope, Agboville,
Agnibilekrou, Alepe, Bocanda, Bangolo, Beoumi, Biankouma, Bondoukou,
Bongouanou, Bouafle, Bouake, Bouna, Boundiali, Dabakala, Dabou, Daloa,
Danane, Daoukro, Dimbokro, Divo, Duekoue, Ferkessedougou, Gagnoa,
Grand-Bassam, Grand-Lahou, Guiglo, Issia, Jacqueville, Katiola, Korhogo,
Lakota, Man, Mankono, Mbahiakro, Odienne, Oume, Sakassou, San-Pedro,
Sassandra, Seguela, Sinfra, Soubre, Tabou, Tanda, Tiebissou, Tingrela,
Tiassale, Touba, Toulepleu, Toumodi, Vavoua, Yamoussoukro, Zuenoula

Independence:  7 August (1960) (from France)

National holiday:  Independence Day, 7 August (1960)

Constitution:  3 November 1960; has been amended numerous times, last
time 27 July 1998

Legal system:  based on French civil law system and customary law;
judicial review in the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court;
has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

Suffrage:  18 years of age; universal

Executive branch:  chief of state: President Laurent GBAGBO (since 26
October 2000); note - took power following a popular overthrow of the
interim leader Gen.  Robert GUEI who had claimed a dubious victory
in presidential elections; Gen. GUEI himself had assumed power on 25
December 1999, following a military coup against the government of
former President Henri Konan BEDIE head of government: Prime Minister
and Minister of Planning and Development Affi N'GUESSAN (since 27 October
2000) cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president elections:
president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last
held 26 October 2000 (next to be held NA 2005); prime minister appointed
by the president election results: Laurent GBAGBO elected president;
percent of vote - Laurent GBAGBO 59.4%, Robert GUEI 32.7%, Francis WODIE
5.7%, other 2.2%

Legislative branch:  unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale
(225 seats; members are elected in single- and multi-district elections
by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms) elections: elections
last held 10 December 2000 with by-elections on 14 January 2001 (next
to be held NA 2005) note: a Senate is scheduled to be created in the
next full election in 2005 election results: percent of vote by party
- NA%; seats by party - FPI 96, PDCI-RDA 94, RDR 5, PIT 4, other 2,
independents 22, vacant 2

Judicial branch:  Supreme Court or Cour Supreme consists of four chambers:
Judicial Chamber for criminal cases, Audit Chamber for financial cases,
Constitutional Chamber for judicial review cases, and Administrative
Chamber for civil cases; there is no legal limit to the number of members

Political parties and leaders:  Democratic Party of Cote d'Ivoire-African
Democratic Rally or PDCI-RDA [Aime Henri Konan BEDIE]; Ivorian Popular
Front or FPI [Laurent GBAGBO]; Ivorian Worker's Party or PIT [Francis
WODIE]; Rally of the Republicans or RDR [Alassane OUATTARA]; Union for
Democracy and Peace or UDPCI [Gen. Robert GUEI]; over 20 smaller parties

Political pressure groups and leaders:  NA

International organization participation:  ACP, AfDB, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS,
IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent),
(regional), WAEMU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

Diplomatic representation in the US:  chief of mission: Ambassador
Youssoufou BAMBA chancery: 3421 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington,
DC 20007 FAX: [1] (202) 462-9444 telephone: [1] (202) 797-0300

Diplomatic representation from the US:  chief of mission: Ambassador
Arlene RENDER embassy: 5 Rue Jesse Owens, Abidjan mailing address:
B. P. 1712, Abidjan 01 telephone: [225] 20 21 09 79 FAX: [225] 20 22 32 59

Flag description:  three equal vertical bands of orange (hoist side),
white, and green; similar to the flag of Ireland, which is longer
and has the colors reversed - green (hoist side), white, and orange;
also similar to the flag of Italy, which is green (hoist side), white,
and red; design was based on the flag of France

Economy Cote d'Ivoire

Economy - overview:  Cote d'Ivoire is among the world's largest producers
and exporters of coffee, cocoa beans, and palm oil. Consequently, the
economy is highly sensitive to fluctuations in international prices for
these products and to weather conditions. Despite government attempts
to diversify the economy, it is still largely dependent on agriculture
and related activities, which engage roughly 68% of the population. After
several years of lagging performance, the Ivorian economy began a comeback
in 1994, due to the 50% devaluation of the CFA franc and improved prices
for cocoa and coffee, growth in nontraditional primary exports such
as pineapples and rubber, limited trade and banking liberalization,
offshore oil and gas discoveries, and generous external financing
and debt rescheduling by multilateral lenders and France. Moreover,
government adherence to donor-mandated reforms led to a jump in growth
to 5% annually during 1996-99. Growth was negative in 2000 and 2001
because of the difficulty of meeting the conditions of international
donors, continued low prices of key exports, and post-coup instability.
Political instability continues to impede growth.

GDP:  purchasing power parity - $25.5 billion (2001)

GDP - real growth rate:  -1% (2001 est.)

GDP - per capita:  purchasing power parity - $1,550 (2001 est.)

GDP - composition by sector:  agriculture: 28% industry: 29% services:
43% (2000 est.)

Population below poverty line:  NA%

Household income or consumption by percentage share:  lowest 10%: 3.1%
highest 10%: 28.8% (1995)

Distribution of family income - Gini index:  36.7 (1995)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):  2.5% (2000 est.)

Labor force:  68% agricultural (2000 est.)

Unemployment rate:  13% in urban areas (1998 est.)

Budget:  revenues: $1.72 billion expenditures: $2.4 billion, including
capital expenditures of $420 million (2001 est.)

Industries:  foodstuffs, beverages; wood products, oil refining, truck
and bus assembly, textiles, fertilizer, building materials, electricity

Industrial production growth rate:  15% (1998 est.)

Electricity - production:  4.08 billion kWh (2000)

Electricity - production by source:  fossil fuel: 75.37% hydro: 24.63%
other: 0% (1999) nuclear: 0%

Electricity - consumption:  2.57 billion kWh (2000)

Electricity - exports:  1.2 billion kWh (2000)

Electricity - imports:  0 kWh (1999)

Agriculture - products:  coffee, cocoa beans, bananas, palm kernels, corn,
rice, manioc (tapioca), sweet potatoes, sugar, cotton, rubber; timber

Exports:  $3.6 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)

Exports - commodities:  cocoa 33%, coffee, timber, petroleum, cotton,
bananas, pineapples, palm oil, cotton, fish (1999)

Exports - partners:  France 13%, US 8%, Netherlands 7%, Germany 7%,
Italy 6% (1999)

Imports:  $2.4 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)

Imports - commodities:  food, consumer goods; capital goods, fuel,
transport equipment, raw materials

Imports - partners:  France 26%, Nigeria 10%, China 7%, Italy 5%,
Germany 4% (1999)

Debt - external:  $13.3 billion (2000 est.)

Economic aid - recipient:  ODA, $1 billion (1996 est.)

Currency:  Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF); note - responsible
authority is the Central Bank of the West African States

Currency code:  XOF

Exchange rates:  Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US
dollar - 742.79 (January 2002), 733.04 (2001), 711.98 (2000), 615.70
(1999), 589.95 (1998), 583.67 (1997); note - from 1 January 1999, the
XOF is pegged to the euro at a rate of 655.957 XOF per euro

Fiscal year:  calendar year

Communications Cote d'Ivoire

Telephones - main lines in use:  263,700 (2000)

Telephones - mobile cellular:  450,000 (2000)

Telephone system:  general assessment: well developed by African standards
but operating well below capacity domestic: open-wire lines and microwave
radio relay; 90% digitalized international: satellite earth stations -
2 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean); 2 coaxial submarine
cables (June 1999)

Radio broadcast stations:  AM 2, FM 9, shortwave 3 (1998)

Radios:  2.26 million (1997)

Television broadcast stations:  14 (1999)

Televisions:  1.09 million (2000)

Internet country code:  .ci

Internet Service Providers (ISPs):  5 (2001)

Internet users:  10,000 (2001)

Transportation Cote d'Ivoire

Railways:  total: 660 km narrow gauge: 660 km 1.000-meter gauge; 25 km
double-track note: an additional 600 km of this railroad extends into
Burkina Faso, ending at Kaya, north of Ouagadougou (2000 est.)

Highways:  total: 50,400 km paved: 4,889 km unpaved: 45,511 km (1996)

Waterways:  980 km (navigable rivers, canals, and numerous coastal

Ports and harbors:  Abidjan, Aboisso, Dabou, San-Pedro

Airports:  36 (2001)

Airports - with paved runways:  total: 7 over 3,047 m: 1 2,438 to 3,047 m:
2 1,524 to 2,437 m: 4 (2001)

Airports - with unpaved runways:  total: 29 1,524 to 2,437 m: 7 914 to
1,523 m: 13 under 914 m: 9 (2001)

Military Cote d'Ivoire

Military branches:  Army, Navy, Air Force, paramilitary Gendarmerie,
Republican Guard (includes Presidential Guard)

Military manpower - military age:  18 years of age (2002 est.)

Military manpower - availability:  males age 15-49: 3,963,166 (2002 est.)

Military manpower - fit for military service:  males age 15-49: 2,071,011
(2002 est.)

Military manpower - reaching military age annually:  males: 188,411
(2002 est.)

Military expenditures - dollar figure:  $127.7 million (FY01)

Military expenditures - percent of GDP:  1.3% (FY01)

Transnational Issues Cote d'Ivoire

Disputes - international:  none

Illicit drugs:  illicit producer of cannabis, mostly for local
consumption; transshipment point for Southwest and Southeast Asian
heroin to Europe and occasionally to the US, and for Latin American
cocaine destined for Europe and South Africa

This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


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