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Country Profile

Capital City: The Valley

Local Time = UTC -4h

Anguilla, as the first in the chain of the Leeward islands, is located in the Eastern Caribbean, east of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands.
It is only a few minutes by air from the major international airport of St. Maarten and is serviced by regular flights from the other international Caribbean gateways of Antigua and Puerto Rico. Anguilla's location, and its reputation as a friendly and virtually crime free society, has enabled it to establish itself as a high end tourist destination.

Location: Eastern Caribbean, east of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands.
Area: 91 sq. km (35 sq. miles)
Terrain: Flat limestone and coral island with only a few rolling hills.

Climate: Tropical; moderated by trade winds.

Type: Internally self-governing British overseas territory.
Head of State: Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, represented by the Governor.

Nationality: Anguillan(s)
Population: 13 000
Ethnic Groups: black 90.1%, mulatto 4.6%
Religions: Christianity
Languages: English (official)
Literacy: 92%


Natural resources: Salt, fish, lobster.

Agriculture products: Tobacco, vegetables; cattle raising.

Industries: Tourism, boat building, offshore financial services.

Exports partners:
UK, USA, Puerto Rico

Imports partners: USA, Puerto Rico, UK

Currency: East Caribbean dollar (XCD)



Background:  Colonized by English settlers from Saint Kitts in 1650,
Anguilla was administered by Great Britain until the early 19th century,
when the island - against the wishes of the inhabitants - was incorporated
into a single British dependency along with Saint Kitts and Nevis. Several
attempts at separation failed. In 1971, two years after a revolt,
Anguilla was finally allowed to secede; this arrangement was formally
recognized in 1980 with Anguilla becoming a separate British dependency.

Geography Anguilla

Location:  Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, east of Puerto Rico

Geographic coordinates:  18 15 N, 63 10 W

Map references:  Central America and the Caribbean

Area:  total: 102 sq km water: 0 sq km land: 102 sq km

Area - comparative:  about half the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries:  0 km

Coastline:  61 km

Maritime claims:  exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM territorial sea: 3 NM

Climate:  tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds

Terrain:  flat and low-lying island of coral and limestone

Elevation extremes:  lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m highest point:
Crocus Hill 65 m

Natural resources:  salt, fish, lobster

Land use:  arable land: 0% permanent crops: 0% other: 100% (mostly rock
with sparse scrub oak, few trees, some commercial salt ponds) (1998 est.)

Irrigated land:  NA sq km

Natural hazards:  frequent hurricanes and other tropical storms (July
to October)

Environment - current issues:  supplies of potable water sometimes cannot
meet increasing demand largely because of poor distribution system

Geography - note:  the most northerly of the Leeward Islands in the
Lesser Antilles

People Anguilla

Population:  12,446 (July 2002 est.)

Age structure:  0-14 years: 25% (male 1,575; female 1,529) 15-64 years:
68.1% (male 4,356; female 4,124) 65 years and over: 6.9% (male 383;
female 479) (2002 est.)

Population growth rate:  2.44% (2002 est.)

Birth rate:  14.94 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)

Death rate:  5.54 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)

Net migration rate:  15.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)

Sex ratio:  at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.03
male(s)/female 15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female 65 years and over:
0.8 male(s)/female total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2002 est.)

Infant mortality rate:  23.68 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:   79.5 years (2002 est.)  male: Total fertility
rate:  1.77 children born/woman (2002 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:  NA%

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:  NA

HIV/AIDS - deaths:  NA

Nationality:  noun: Anguillan(s) adjective: Anguillan

Ethnic groups:  black (predominant), mulatto, white

Religions:  Anglican 40%, Methodist 33%, Seventh-Day Adventist 7%,
Baptist 5%, Roman Catholic 3%, other 12%

Languages:  English (official)

Literacy:  definition: age 12 and over can read and write total
population: 95% male: 95% female: 95% (1984 est.)

Government Anguilla

Country name:  conventional long form: none conventional short form:

Dependency status:  overseas territory of the UK

Government type:  NA

Capital:  The Valley

Administrative divisions:  none (overseas territory of the UK)

Independence:  none (overseas territory of the UK)

National holiday:  Anguilla Day, 30 May

Constitution:  Anguilla Constitutional Order 1 April 1982; amended 1990

Legal system:  based on English common law

Suffrage:  18 years of age; universal

Executive branch:  chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February
1952); represented by Governor Peter JOHNSTONE (since NA February 2000)
elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the
monarch; chief minister appointed by the governor from among the members
of the House of Assembly head of government: Chief Minister Osbourne
FLEMING (since 3 March 2000) cabinet: Executive Council appointed by
the governor from among the elected members of the House of Assembly

Legislative branch:  unicameral House of Assembly (11 seats total, 7
elected by direct popular vote, 2 ex officio members, and 2 appointed;
members serve five-year terms) elections: last held 3 March 2000 (next
to be held NA June 2005) election results: percent of vote by party -
NA%; seats by party - UF 4, AUM 2, independent 1

Judicial branch:  High Court (judge provided by Eastern Caribbean
Supreme Court)

Political parties and leaders:  Anguilla United Movement or AUM [Hubert
HUGHES]; The United Front or UF [Osbourne FLEMMING, Victor BANKS],
a coalition of the Anguilla Democratic Party or ADP and the Anguilla
National Alliance or ANA

Political pressure groups and leaders:  NA

International organization participation:  Caricom (associate), CDB,
Interpol (subbureau), OECS (associate), ECLAC (associate)

Diplomatic representation in the US:  none (overseas territory of the UK)

Diplomatic representation from the US:  none (overseas territory of
the UK)

Flag description:  blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side
quadrant and the Anguillan coat of arms centered in the outer half of the
flag; the coat of arms depicts three orange dolphins in an interlocking
circular design on a white background with blue wavy water below

Economy Anguilla

Economy - overview:  Anguilla has few natural resources, and the economy
depends heavily on luxury tourism, offshore banking, lobster fishing,
and remittances from emigrants. Increased activity in the tourism
industry, which has spurred the growth of the construction sector, has
contributed to economic growth. Anguillan officials have put substantial
effort into developing the offshore financial sector, which is small,
but growing. In the medium term, prospects for the economy will depend
largely on the tourism sector and, therefore, on revived income growth
in the industrialized nations as well as on favorable weather conditions.

GDP:  purchasing power parity - $104 million (2001 est.)

GDP - real growth rate:  0% (2001 est.)

GDP - per capita:  purchasing power parity - $8,600 (2001 est.)

GDP - composition by sector:  agriculture: 4% industry: 18% services: 78%
(1997 est.)

Population below poverty line:  NA%

Household income or consumption by percentage share:  lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%

Inflation rate (consumer prices):  2.3% (2001 est.)

Labor force:  6,735 (1999)

Labor force - by occupation:  commerce 36%, services 29%,
construction 18%, transportation and utilities 10%, manufacturing 3%,
agriculture/fishing/forestry/mining 4%

Unemployment rate:  8% (1999)

Budget:  revenues: $20.4 million expenditures: $23.3 million, including
capital expenditures of $3.8 million (1997 est.)

Industries:  tourism, boat building, offshore financial services

Industrial production growth rate:  3.1% (1997 est.)

Electricity - production:  45.85 million kWh (2000)

Electricity - production by source:  fossil fuel: NA% hydro: NA% other:
NA% nuclear: NA%

Electricity - consumption:  42.6 million kWh

Agriculture - products:  small quantities of tobacco, vegetables;
cattle raising

Exports:  $2.6 million (1999)

Exports - commodities:  lobster, fish, livestock, salt, concrete blocks,

Exports - partners:  UK, US, Puerto Rico

Imports:  $80.9 million (1999)

Imports - commodities:  fuels, foodstuffs, manufactures, chemicals,

Imports - partners:  US, Puerto Rico, UK

Debt - external:  $8.8 million (1998)

Economic aid - recipient:  $3.5 million (1995)

Currency:  East Caribbean dollar (XCD)

Currency code:  XCD

Exchange rates:  East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7000 (fixed
rate since 1976)

Fiscal year:  1 April - 31 March

Communications Anguilla

Telephones - main lines in use:  4,974 (2000)

Telephones - mobile cellular:  1,629 (2000)

Telephone system:  general assessment: NA domestic: modern internal
telephone system international: microwave radio relay to island of Saint
Martin (Guadeloupe and Netherlands Antilles)

Radio broadcast stations:  AM 5, FM 6, shortwave 1 (1998)

Radios:  3,000 (1997)

Television broadcast stations:  1 (1997)

Televisions:  1,000 (1997)

Internet country code:  .ai

Internet Service Providers (ISPs):  16 (2000)

Internet users:  919 (2000)

Transportation Anguilla

Railways:  0 km

Highways:  total: 105 km paved: 65 km unpaved: 40 km (1998 est.)

Waterways:  none

Ports and harbors:  Blowing Point, Road Bay

Merchant marine:  none (2002 est.)

Airports:  3 (2001)

Airports - with paved runways:  total: 1 914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2001)

Airports - with unpaved runways:  total: 2 under 914 m: 2 (2001)

Military Anguilla

Military - note:  defense is the responsibility of the UK

Transnational Issues Anguilla

Disputes - international:  none

Illicit drugs:  transshipment point for South American narcotics destined
for the US and Europe

This page was last updated on 1 January 2002

Internet Links

Official Sites of Anguilla
Government of Anguilla

Department of Immigration

UK Government
Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO)

UK Embassies Overseas

Map of Anguilla

Map of Central America and the Caribbean

Public Relation

Anguilla Lokal News

The Anguillian

Radio Anguilla

Arts & Culture
Anguilla Vibe

Bankie Banx

Come to the real world of art- Anguilla

Business & Economy

Anguilla's Offshore Finance Dept

Anguilla Chamber of Commerce and Industry

Anguilla Internet Yellow Pages

Trans Anguilla Airways

The Link Ferries - Anguilla, BWI

Destination Anguilla - Travel and Tour Guides


The Anguilla Guide

Anguilla's Homepage

Lloyd's Guest House

Anguilla National Trust

The Gardens of Anguilla

UKOTCF - Anguilla

Anguilla's History

Anguilla Internet Yellow Pages

General Resources

Anguilla - 2004


About Anguilla

Anguilla Information Page

Business, Commerce, Economy

Anguilla Chamber of Commerce

Anguilla Financial Services

Anguilla Postal Service Website

An Anguilla Wedding home page for Anguilla

The National Bank of Anguilla


Anguilla Summer Festival

Art Festival - Anguilla

Art Guide of Anguilla

The Gardens of Anguilla,

Geography & Environment


Map of Anguilla from Caribbean-On-Line

Government, Politics, Law

Anguilla Financial Services

Anguilla Government

Governments on the WWW: Anguilla

Official Website of the Government of Anguilla



Anguilla: Country Profile

Anguilla Information Page

Lonely Planet World Guide Destination Anguilla Introduction

Skyviews: Anguilla accommodation, hotels, restaurants, shops etc

Language & Literature

Ethnologue report for Anguilla

Media & Communications

Anguilla News

Anguilla, Life, News, Talk

Newspapers and other media sources from Anguilla, Kidon Media-Link

Recreation & Travel

Anguilla Beaches, A Villa Vacation in A Caribbean Paradise

The Anguilla Guide - A comprehensive directory

Anguilla Guide: Index

The Anguilla Hotel & Tourism Association

Anguilla Hotels, Resorts, Villas, Packages, Reviews and Photos - Caribbean Vacation

Anguilla Map & Hotel Location

Anguilla Travel Guide | Fodor's Online

Anguilla Travel Services

Anguilla Villas by myCaribbean

Beaches of Anguilla

CaribSeek Anguilla - Aguilla British West Indies

Inns of Anguilla. Small, quaint, friendly.

The Link Ferries - Anguilla, BWI

Lonely Planet World Guide Destination Anguilla Introduction

Welcome to Anguilla: Tranquility Wrapped in Blue! 




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